What are the impacts of Japanese invasion to the Philippines

What are the negative effects of Japanese invasion in the

The Impact of Occupation Japanese treatment of the population got much worse as the War turned in favor to the Allies. Consequently, the Philippines suffered great loss of life and massive destruction of property During the time of Japanese aggression in Asia, US had already occupied the Philippines. In fact, US began occupying since 1898. However, while the Philippines was the United States' colony, it was going through a series of political unrest. The US was then convinced to sign the Philippine Independence Act in 1934 The Japanese force invading the Philippines, while a bit numerically inferior to those of Americans and Filipinos, were more experienced and generally better equipped than their counterparts. The Japanese, with their Zeros swarming the skies of the islands, basically have the command of the air The Philippines campaign (Filipino: Kampanya sa Pilipinas or Labanan sa Pilipinas, Spanish: Campaña en las Filipinas del Ejercito Japonés, Japanese: フィリピンの戦い, romanized: Firipin no Tatakai), also known as the Battle of the Philippines or the Fall of the Philippines, was from December 8, 1941 to May 8, 1942 the invasion of the Philippines by the Empire of Japan and the defense.

The invasion of the Philippines. At the time of the Morotai and Palau landings, MacArthur was planning to invade Mindanao, southernmost of the large islands in the Philippines.However, naval strikes against the Philippines in September revealed unexpectedly weak Japanese defenses on both Mindanao and Leyte in the central Philippines. It was then proposed that plans be changed to bypass. TheJapaneseInfluence • During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese influenced the government in the Philippines by enforcing a strict curfew, adding Japanese currency, instituting a military government and reducing neighborhood government systems by half Socio-Cultural Impact of Japanese Occupation on the Philippines | 13 Having established these heightened capabilities, we are also able to establish ourselves better as a nation on a global sense. Being perceived as a country who can govern itself and well makes it harder for foreign bodies to find it Wartime Filipino literature is marked as being pessimistic and bitter. Owing to the extreme cruelty and hardship endured during the Japanese occupation, much Japanese influence was repudiated in the Philippines, leading many writers to embrace a more Western sensibility following the end of WWII

The invasion of the Philippines started on December 8, 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. As at Pearl Harbor, the American aircraft were severely damaged in the initial Japanese attack. Lacking air cover, the American Asiatic Fleet in the Philippines withdrew to Java on December 12, 1941 A careful examination of Japan's official occupation strategy towards the Philippines, which was originally rooted in a surprising policy of appeasement and conciliation, serves as the book's unifying theme. The book's eight contributors (seven Japanese and one Filipino) examine the unravelling of this policy in various areas of the. Philippines During Japanese Occupation Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website The Japanese occupation of the Philippines lasted for over two years. While the Allies reconvened and fought their way across the Pacific, the Philippine peoples began a ferocious underground resistance movement. Japanese brutality, combined with a lack of food and medical supplies, meant that the underground resistance required all available. During the 1930s, Japan began a campaign of imperial expansion in the western Pacific. They wanted to gain power over their neighbors and also to oust American and European influences from the region. Early in 1941, the western powers were beginning to pay attention to the situation. America sent troops to the Philippines

What Are the Japanese Influences on the Philippines

  1. Japanese Occupation of the Philippines. During Word War II . On December 8, 1941, Japan invaded the Philippines. Clark Air Base in Pampanga was first attacked and also Nichols Field outside Manila was attacked, then on December 22, The Japanese forces landed at the Lingayen Gulf and continued on to Manila
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  3. Downloadable! Few studies have analyzed the Philippine economic experience during the Japanese occupation. Although such studies are in the nature of history and commentaries, they have not focused on the economic analysis of the war experience. The present study hopes to close this gap if only partially by recounting what was known about the course of the economy
  4. The Japanese Occupation in Malaya began on February 15, 1942 and during the Japanese occupation for three and a half years, various policies have been implemented to strengthen their position. All policies have made an impact on social, political and economic life of Malaya
  5. During the Japanese occupation, Filipino literature was given a break, as writing in English was consigned to limbo. Philippine literature in English came to a halt because of the strict prohibitions of the Japanese
  6. The Japanese occupation of the Philippines (1942-1945) is of enduring scholarly interest both in the Philippines and the USA, but Japanese scholars have generally been reluctant--if not indifferent-about taking up this theme. They might have been in some way or another affected by 'public wa

The Japanese were not expecting to be able to employ their standard tactic of a swift surprise attack for their invasion of the Philippines. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor would take place at 8.00 a.m. on 7 December 1941 (Hawaii time). However, because of the difference in time zones, and the separation of Hawaii and the Philippines by the. CHAPTER I THE JAPANESE OFFENSIVE IN THE PACIFIC . Pearl Harbor. The devastating attack against Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 1 and the subsequent Japanese thrusts in Asia left only one important obstacle in the path of the Japanese onslaught to the Southwest Pacific-General MacArthur and his small forces, isolated in the Philippines. (Plate No. l) Their tenacious defense against tremendous. ALBUM - view my Japanese Occupation of the Philippines WW2 album. Fast Facts. Region: Far East Group: Japanese Occupations of WW2 Classification: Military Occupation Prior Regime: Philippines, US Commonwealth Key Dates: 1941, Dec 8 - Japanese launch attack on the Philippines 1942, Apr/May - Philippine and American forces surrender in Bataan and Corregido In certain parts of the Philippines, such as Laguna and Batangas, World War II survivors attest to such harsh treatment of the Japanese. There were many instances of mass slaughter, where people were tied together and massacred in the name of guerilla subjugation The Pentalore presents The Japanese Occupation of the Philippnes!For this new installment of Philippine History, we'll be featuring some of the most defining..

The Japanese occupation of the Philippines was the period in the history of the Philippines between 1942 and 1945, when the Empire of Japan occupied the previously American-controlled Philippines during World War II. The invasion of the Philippines started on December 8, 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor The Japanese occupied Manila on January 2, 1942 ( World War II and Japanese Occupation, para. 4). The Japanese ruled over the Philippines for three years, putting most of the lives of the natives in serious peril. The Filipinos formed many guerrilla organizations to over throw the Japanese. They also received aid from the United States The Japanese military which over-ran Asia during the Pacific War did not abandon this tradition. In Tokyo, The Total War Research Institute chose to state the goal of the Japanese occupation of the conquered areas in terms of pro-moting the moral culture of the Orient. In the Philippines, the Director General of the Japanese Military. What are the negative effects of the Japanese occupation in Philippines? The Filipinos traded one colonial master for another . The Japanese exploited the Philippines for food and petroleum by.

Japanese Occupation and its after-effects by Paula Grace

  1. The Japanese Rule. One January 2, 1942 when the entire Manila area fell into the hands of Japan. General Masaharu Homma, the Supreme Commander of the Japanese Imperial Army in the Philippines, had immediately declared their rules and regulations after the invasion. He declare that the Military Government of Japan will be headed by a Director.
  2. a study of social developments in Japan and the Philippines before the periods between 1868 and 1895, in the case of Japan, and within the period, 1946-1972, in the case of the Philippines. Starting in 1868, with the restoration of the emperor to full sovereign, the period for Japan ends in 1895, the year of its victory in its war with China
  3. After the Japanese invasion in 1941, and during the fight between US and Japanese imperialism over the islands, the Communist Party of the Philippines (PKP) set up a military organisation called the Hukbalahap which boasted tens of thousands of guerrilla fighters and was key to the defeat of the Japanese in central Luzon (the biggest and most.

The Japanese Occupation in Malaya began on February 15, 1942 and during the Japanese occupation for three and a half years, various policies have been implemented to strengthen their position. All policies have a huge impact on social, political and economic life of Malaya. The People were in sufferings and depressed by the Japanese government. Play this game to review undefined. The historic death march started in _____, Bataan Japanese occupation in the Philippines came as a result of the proliferation of the second world war. While the Philippines was under American rule, American defense strategies largely failed which led to the defeat of the forces in Manila, thus allowing Japanese forces to occupy the islands All we know about the Japanese invasion is that it was the peak of violence in the Philippines. Back then, no one would think of the Japanese people as good people due to their bringing up of violence and death upon their islands; but little do they know that the Japanese also brought with them these few influences that are now embedded in the. Japanese colonization of the Asian nations had a significant impact politically, socially, and economically because of the suppression and limitation of freedom to rule their own country. A typical example of the Asian nations that experienced these political, social, and economic impacts is Korea, Guam, and Taiwan

The US Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE), created on July 26, 1941, consisted of about 100,000 Filipinos and 20,000 American soldiers. Their main task was to perform a delaying action on the mouth of Manila Bay. Not a month had passed after the Japanese invasion of the Philippines on December 8, before these troops were placed on half rations Around 500,000 Filipinos died during the Japanese Occupation Period. All in all, the new TRAIN law is as good as it gets. On December 8, 1941, Japan invaded the Philippines. The Japanese-sponsored republic headed by President José P. Laurel proved to be unpopular The Philippines campaign, Battle of the Philippines or the Liberation of the Philippines (Filipino: Kampanya sa Pilipinas, Labanan sa Pilipinas & Liberasyon ng Pilipinas), codenamed Operation Musketeer I, II, and III (Operasyon Mosketero I, II, at III), was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines during World War II

The Philippines were the closest U.S. territory to the Japanese mainland, and the imperial expansion of the Japanese in the 1930s necessitated an invasion of the Philippines as a jumping-off point for expansion throughout the Pacific. While the defense of the Philippines However, during the Japanese Colonial period, Manila was declared an open city to prevent it from destruction, meanwhile, the government was moved to Corregidor. In March 1942, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur and President Quezon fled the country. The cruelty of the Japanese military occupation of the Philippines is legendary A Japanese writer confessed that the only real element of poverty (in the Philippines) is the poverty of the people's will to develop their country ' s economy. 1'4 Although they gave the American credit for the general improve­ ment of the islands, the Japanese explained that the high standard o Reconstructing the Filipina Comfort Women: Sources, Methodologies, and Challenges. During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines between 1942 and 1945, Imperial Japan established comfort women stations where around a thousand Filipinas were coerced into becoming objects of harassment and rape for the Japanese troops

Japanese occupation of the Philippines - Wikipedi

The short-term social effect of the occupation was the broken Korean identity. The Japanese wanted to assimilate the Koreans as best they could to absorb them as part of themselves. The heart of a nation is its language. When Japan occupied Korea, one of the first things they did was to subdue the Korean language The day after Japan bombed the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941, the Japanese invasion of the Philippines began. Within a month, the Japanese had captured Manila, the capital. The Japanese occupation of the Philippines occurred between 1942 and 1945, when the Empire of Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II.The invasion of the Philippines started on December 8, 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor.As at Pearl Harbor, the American aircraft were severely damaged in the initial Japanese attack 4.1.2 The Japanese Occupation Period from 1941 to 1945 4.4 The Anime Phenomenon's Effects, Relevance and JITSE-Phil - Japan Information Technology Standards Examinations-Philippines JPEPA - Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership Agreemen

The Japanese military authorities immediately began organizing a new government structure in the Philippines. Although the Japanese had promised independence for the islands after occupation, they initially organized a Council of State through which they directed civil affairs until October 1943, when they declared the Philippines an independent republic Thesis Through considering the case studies of Burma, Indonesia, Malaya, the Philippines, and Vietnam, this paper will examine how (I) though the Japanese Occupation had a negative impact on moderate nationalist leaders, (II) the impact on radical movements was more positive, in the form of military, political-administrative, and psychological. The Japanese occupation of the Philippines occurred between 1942 and 1945, when the Empire of Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II. The invasion of the Philippines started on December 8, 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Impact of the 19th Century Imperialism on Chin

The Philippines became independent in July 1946, after the Japanese invasion and occupation of World War II. For much of the 20th century, international migration for Filipinos meant going to the United States and its Pacific territories The Japanese occupation of the Philippines occurred between 1942 and 1945, when Imperial Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II. The invasion of the Philippines started on 8 December 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. As at Pearl Harbor, American aircraft were severely damaged in the initial. Various organizations operating in the Philippines created the earliest records in what became the Philippine Archives Collection. After the war, the War Department gathered more materials in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea. The records moved to Kansas City and St. Louis, Missouri, before the National Archives brought them to Washington, DC Japanese Conquest of the Philippines in World War 2. The Battle for Corregidor was the culmination of the Japanese campaign for the conquest of the Philippin..

2. They controlled the entire Philippines. WWII Japanese Premier Tojo & Gen. Waji-Ehk Arrive in Manila. Source: tommy japan via Flickr. While the Japanese did wrest the country from the Americans, a highly effective guerrilla force prevented them from ever taking full control of the country Introduction. Japan's colonization of Southeast Asia between 1941 and 1945 had both positive and negative effects on the region. While under the Japanese occupation, Southeast Asia underwent major social and economic structural changes. Research reveals that the transformation that marred the region was as a result of Japan's unique focus.

Find the perfect japanese occupation of the philippines stock photo. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. No need to register, buy now Life During the Japanese Period in the Philippine The Invasion Effects of japanese occupation and its End Philippine government under the japanese regime and the revolutionaries on December 8,1941 japan invades the Philippine hours just ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbo Because of its large size, its rugged terrain, and its location farthest from the center of Japanese occupation in the Philippines, Mindanao was particularly adaptable to the easy formation of guerrilla groups. Japanese troops held only a few main cities along its 1,400-mile coastline and paid little attention to the interior of the island

The Japanese Occupation of the Philippines - The Battle of

  1. ent, MacArthur declared the capital an open city on December 26, 1941 to prevent further destruction
  2. carried forward during the Japanese occupation with its violence in order to bolster notions of Japanese supremacy in the Philippines. As mentioned, Ikehata (1989, 2003) studied Japanese perceptions of the Philippine revolution and the war against America by referring to Japanese accounts that appeared contemporaneously with that event. However.
  3. Positive And Negative Effects Of Imperialism In Japan. Imperialism affected many African colonies in both positive and negative ways. Two major colonies that were affected, Korea and the Congo, are currently still suffering, as well as improving from the effects of imperialism. Imperialism is when a nation wants to get control of foreign lands.
  4. The Attack on Malaya by Japan. historylearningsite.co.uk. The History Learning Site, 19 May 2015. 5 Jul 2021. The Japanese attack on Malaya started on December 8th 1941 and. ended with the surrender of British forces at Singapore. Malaya was a major prize for the Japanese as it produced 38% of the world's rubber and 58% of the world's tin
  5. Invasion of the Philippine Islands. 7 Dec 1941 - 5 May 1942. Contributor: C. Peter Chen. ww2dbase. At the start of WW2, the Philippine Islands were United States territory as per the 1898 Treaty of Paris. The archipelago was home to 19 million people, and was at a strategic location between Japan and the South Pacific
  6. Even these combined forces were poorly trained and equipped for an adequate defence of the islands against a Japanese invasion. The attack on the Philippines started on December 8, 1941 ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbour in Hawaii. As at Pearl Harbour, the American aircraft were entirely destroyed on the ground
  7. The Japanese Empire occupied Indonesia, known then as the Dutch East Indies, during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of War in 1945. The period was one of the most critical in Indonesian history.Under German occupation, the Netherlands had little ability to defend its colony against the Japanese army, and less than three months after the first attacks on Borneo the Japanese.

The Philippines: Remembering a Forgotten Occupation. 06/18/2013 02:26 pm ET Updated Aug 18, 2013. This week marks the 100th anniversary of the last major battle in one of the most brutal military occupations in American history, and one that has gone almost entirely forgotten, left as little more than a footnote in the history books of children Glenn Anthony May, Social Engineering in the Philippines: The Aims, Execution and Impact of American Colonial Policy, 1900-1913 (Westport, 1980), xvii. Glenn A. May, Filipino Resistance to American Occupation: Batangas, 1899-1902, Pacific Historical Review, 48 (1979), 554

The Japanese Invasion & Conquest of the Philippines

By Ben Cal. MANILA-- Exactly 77 years ago today, Dec. 8, Japanese forces invaded the Philippines in a sneak attack on military installations in Luzon, 10 hours after Pearl Harbor in Hawaii was bombed, triggering World War II in the Pacific.. American and Filipino forces were completely caught by surprise that they were forced to hastily withdraw to Bataan and the nearby island of Corregidor. JAPANESE INVASION. Japan invaded the Philippines for several years. This short span of time was not enough for the Japanese to establish the foundation of their culture into our already-shaped Filipino culture. In spite of this, the Filipinos were still able to learn a few things from the Japanese. It has become a Filipino practice to remove. The Philippines Campaign (1941-1942), was an invasion of the Philippines by Japan also known as the Battle of the Philippines. The islands were a strategic location for the Japanese as they lie between Japan and the South Pacific. The importance of this location forced the United States to call Army General Douglas MacArthur, who ha

How did the Japanese occupation affect the Philippines

By Sam McGowan. While the surprise Japanese attacks against U.S. military bases in the Hawaiian Islands on December 7, 1941, are certainly the best-known aspect of the opening of hostilities between the two aLess well known today were the Japanese attacks on Clark Field and Iba Field on the opening day of hostilities in the Philippines As is usual in threads of this type, the How and Why of a Japanese Philippines around 1914 will greatly effect the outcomes of a Japanese Philippines around 1914. A Japan which could seize or gain the Philippines by that time is a very different Japan than the one in the OTL and, given European/US views regarding Asians in general, Japan in specific, and Japanese expansion in particular, that.

Philippines campaign (1941-1942) - Wikipedi

After Japan took over Philippines, $20.5 Million worth U.S money and local cash was looted. The first issue of Japanese invasion money in Philippines was launched in 1942 of denominations 1, 5, 10 and 50 centavos and 1, 5, and 10 Pesos. Replacement notes of the 1, 5 and 10 Pesos were introduced in 1943. 100 and 500 Peso notes were. Key words: Agriculture, food, Japanese Occupation, Laurel Administration, Ration­ ing, Rice, World War II INTRODUCTION One of the lasting impressions of the Japanese occupation of the Philippines (1942-1945), particularly in Manila and other cities, was --and still is --the shortage of food Japanese occupation of the Philippines was opposed by increasingly effective underground and guerrilla activity that ultimately reached large-scale proportions. Postwar investigations showed that about 260,000 people were in guerrilla organizations and that members of the anti-Japanese underground were even more numerous The Japanese Invasion of the Philippines, the Dutch East Indies, and Southeast Asia Introduction For several months prior to the outbreak of hostilities on 7 December 1941 the relations between the United States and Japan had been severely strained and a further deterioration was indicated at any moment. The economic sanctions which the Allies.

Pacific War - The invasion of the Philippines Britannic

In 1939, the European war expanded to Second World War. Hence, as early 1940, Japan as the rising power in the Pacific, occupied rich Dutch and British possessions in Southeast Asia. Their preparation for the war, particularly the attack of the Philippines, was planned carefully. On the other hand, the Philippine reserve and regular forces was. Nonetheless, the U.S. and Filipino garrison was expected to resist a Japanese invasion, withdrawing to the Bataan Peninsula and denying the use of the strategic port of Manila until the U.S. Navy.

The japanese occupation of the philippine

Once the December 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor started the war, several events rapidly transpired that had a significant impact on MacArthur's mission of defending the Philippines. Pre-war U.S. plans assumed that a successful Philippines defense would require MacArthur's forces to be greatly augmented by reinforcements once war. THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF THE PHILIPPINES. A compilation of photos from the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, taken from the April 9, 1967 issue of The Sunday Times.This was the first of three issues on World War II in the Philippines, its glory and despair, its anxiety and agony; the soul-shaking excitement of events from Bataan, 1942 to the Battle of Manila, 1945 After Pearl Harbor, Soldiers held out for months against Japanese invasion of Philippines. By Elizabeth M. Collins, Soldiers, Defense Media Activity February 8, 2017. Share on Twitte The son of an American Civil War hero, MacArthur served as chief U.S. military adviser to the Philippines before World War II.The day after Pearl Harbor was bombed on December 7, 1941, Japan.

A mere 10 hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese Empire began its invasion of the American Commonwealth of the Philippines. United States military forces stationed in the Philippines were eventually forced to withdraw as the Japanese occupied the islands for 3 years » Philippines--History--Japanese occupation, 1942-1945 Philippines--History--Japanese occupation, 1942-1945 Rays of a Setting Sun: Recollections of World War I The Japanese chief commander, General Homma, announces the end of the American occupation. The Japanese troops had come to free the Filipinos from American oppression. The Philippines should become an independent member within an East Asian prosperity zone America's Second Pearl Harbor: Japan's Brutal Attack on the Philippines. Tokyo's attack did not come as a total surprise: war had been in the air for months before December 8

Socio Cultural Impact of Japanese Occupation on the

Japanese Conquest of the Philippines (1941-1945) On December 8, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on a U.S. military base in Luzon just 8 hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. In April 1942, the United States/Filipino forces surrendered to the Japanese at Bataan The Japanese implemented a policy which favoured Malays over Chinese and Indians.- Japanese replaced the British civil servants. I n the smaller Straits Settlements, where a larger number of non-Malays were employed in the British Civil Service, pre-war officials of all races continued to hold office in 1942-1943, but Malay officials increased rapidly Barrage rockets during the invasion of Mindoro, Philippines, in December 1944. Launched in salvoes from landing craft, rockets smothered Japanese beach defenses as U.S. forces began the amphibious assault. Manila itself was also strongly defended by the Japanese. One U.S. corps, however, was approaching it from Lingayen over the Central Plains.

What Is the Japanese Influence on Filipino Literature

History Of Japanese Culture In The Philippines. 1862 Words8 Pages. The Philippines The culture of the Philippines has been influenced by three countries for the reason that it was colonized by Spain, the United States of America, and occupied by Japan. This has resulted to the diverse culture of the Philippines The Philippines began the process of terminating its Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) with the United States in mid-February. In place since 1998, the VFA grants legal status to U.S. forces who are in the Philippines temporarily for exercises, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and other contingencies The Japanese Occupation did cause major economic disruptions, but with regard to long term economic change, the story is more complicated. Strategic objectives of the invasion When the Occupation began, the Japanese retained much of Britain's colonial administrative apparatus but placed it under a military government that had the avowed aim.

Japanese Period: The Japanese Occupation of the Philippine

How Filipinos Opposed the Japanese Occupation (1942-1954) Jeremiah L. Bonilla Independent research through Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program Grant Mentor: Dr. Kristi Govella As Japan occupied the Philippines from 1942 to 1945, anti-Japanese sentiment amon The Japanese leaflets presented herein are part of the William J. Sebald Papers, MS 207, of the Special Collections & Archives Department, Nimitz Library. A graduate of the Naval Academy, Sebald served as a U.S. Navy Intelligence Officer during the Second World War, and later served as deputy to General Douglas MacArthur during the occupation. DURING THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION, 1942-1945, by Larry S. Schmidt, Major, USMC, 274 pages. This historical study documents the resistance of the Filipinos to the Japanese on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines during World War II and discusses the contribution which American servicemen and civilian

The Philippines was Asia's first republic and then became a US colony after an American war of conquest and pacification, which some argue resulted in the deaths of 10 percent of the population. Almost a million Filipino soldiers and civilians, and approximately 23,000 American military, died in the war against Imperial Japanese forces Japanese Occupation In The Philippines. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Japanese Occupation In The Philippines. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Ii, World war ii turning points in the pacific philippine, The united states when did germany invade poland, Timeline of the second world war, Modernization in japan, Jennifer swinehart korea lesson plan korean comfort women, World. of both countries and how the Japanese Occupation is portrayed and treated. Next, this work shows that the historical memory of the Japanese Occupation does have an impact on current relations between Japan and Indonesia and Japan and the Philippines. Theory This paper examines the importance of the study of history and the impact of historical.